Informatica JSON Connector

In this article you will learn, how to integrate JSON data to Informatica without coding in few clicks (Live / Bi-directional connection to JSON). JSON Connector can be used to extract and output JSON data stored in local JSON files, JSON data coming from REST API web service calls (Web URL) or direct JSON String (variables or DB columns). JSON Connector also supports JSONPath to filter data from nested array/sub-documents. This Connector is optimized to work with very large files.

Using JSON API Connector you will be able to connect, read and write data from within Informatica. Let's take a look at the steps below to see how exactly to accomplish that.

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NOTE: If you need to consume API which is not listed on connector library page then please refer to the below article links. It talks about how to read / write pretty much any API and not just JSON API. It explains various API tips / tricks using our other Universal Drivers not mentioned in this article (i.e. ZappySys JSON / XML and CSV Drivers).
How to read API data in Informatica (Call JSON / XML SOAP Service)
How to write data to API (POST) in Informatica (Call JSON / XML SOAP Service)

Read / Write JSON data in Informatica

Introduction

Informatica PowerCenter LogoJSON / REST API is becoming more and more popular each day as everyone embrace cloud-centric services. This article is primarily focused on Informatica users who want to access JSON data or may be other API Integration in Informatica. However many tips and techniques described in this article will help you to understand how to integrate XML SOAP / JSON / REST API in other ETL / Reporting apps such as Tableau, Power BI, SSRS, Talend, Excel and many more.

After going through this article you will learn how to Read JSON / JSON / REST API data in Informatica and understand the concept of JSON / REST API. We will go through many screenshots and step-by-step examples to demonstrate  JSON File or REST API integration in Informatica PowerCenter.

XML / JSON can come from a local file or REST API service (internal or public) so we will include both examples in this article (i.e. Read JSON files in Informatica,  Import REST API in Informatica). So let’s get started. Next article will focus on how to write data to API in Informatica (POST / PUT data)

Requirements

This article assumes that you have full filled following basic requirements.

  1. Download Install ZappySys ODBC PowerPack (API Driver for JSON included)
  2. Install Informatica PowerCenter Client Tools (e.g. Workflow and Mapping Designers)
  3. Access to a Relational database such as SQL Server (or use any of your choice e.g. Oracle, MySQL, DB2 ). If nothing available then you can use flat file target.

High level Steps for Import JSON data using Informatica (Read JSON API data)

Before we dive deep to learn how to load JSON data in Informatica (i.e. JSON to SQL Table), Here the summary of high-level steps you need to perform to import JSON Files or REST API in Informatica.

  1. Download and Install ZappySys API Driver (for connecting to JSON)
  2. Create ODBC DSN using ZappySys API driver and choose JSON Connector during Wizard
  3. Create Relational > ODBC Connection in Informatica Workflow designer (Point to DSN we created in the previous step)
  4. Import JSON Source Definition in the Informatica Mapping Designer > Sources Tab
  5. Import Target Table Definition in the Informatica Mapping Designer > Targets Tab
  6. Create source to target mapping in Mappings tab
  7. Save mapping (name m_API_to_SQL_Load )
  8. Create Session using the mapping we created in the previous step
  9. Save Workflow and execute to load JSON data into SQL Table. Verify your data and log.
    Loading JSON data to SQL Table in Informatica (Import REST API or JSON Files)

    Loading JSON data to SQL Table in Informatica (Import REST API or JSON Files)

Video Tutorial – Read any API / JSON data in Informatica (Load JSON to SQL Table)

Below video is not about JSON API but its showing API access in general (for any API). By watching following ~5 min video can learn steps listed in this article to load JSON API data into SQL Server Table using ZappySys JSON Driver. You can go though full article to learn many useful details not covered in this video.

Getting Started – Import JSON to SQL Server in Informatica

Now let’s get started. For example purpose, we will read data from JSON and load data into SQL Server Table using Informatica Workflow.

Create ODBC Data Source (DSN) based on ZappySys JSON Driver

To get data from Json using Informatica we first need to create a DSN - Data Source - which will access data from Json, which later will be able to get using Informatica. Perform these steps:
  1. Install ZappySys ODBC PowerPack.

  2. Open ODBC Data Sources (x64):
    Open ODBC Data Source

  3. Create a User Data Source (User DSN) based on ZappySys JSON Driver:

    Create new JSON Driver

    You should create System DSN if client application is launched under Windows System Account, e.g. as a Windows Service.
    Launch ODBC Data Sources 32-bit version in case your client application is a 32-bit (x86) application (required only for System DSN).
  4. Select Url or File and paste the following Url for this example.
    NOTE: Here for demo, I'm using odata API, but you need to refer your own API documentation and based on that you need to use your own API URL and need to configure connection based on API Authentication type

  5. Now enter JSONPath expression in Array Filter textbox to extract only specific part of JSON file as below ($.value[*] will get content of value attribute from JSON document. Value attribute is array of JSON documents so we have to use [*] to indicate we want all records of that array)
    NOTE: Here, I'm using my desired filter, but you need to select your desired filter based on your requirement.
    Click on Test Connection button to view whether the Test Connection is SUCCESSFUL or Not.

    $.value[*]
    ZappySys ODBC Driver - Configure JSON Driver
  6. Once you configured a data source, you can preview data. Hit Preview tab, and use similar settings to preview data:
    ZappySys ODBC Driver - Preview JSON Driver

  7. Click OK to finish creating the data source

Create Connection in Informatica Workflow Designer

Once you create DSN using API Driver our next step is to define a connection for JSON source in Informatica PowerCenter Workflow designer.

  1. Open Workflow designer [W] icon
  2. Goto Connections > Relational
    Create new connection for JSON in Informatica

    Create a new connection for JSON in Informatica

  3. Click New and select ODBC
    Select ODBC connection type in Informatica (Using ZappySys JSON ODBC DSN)

    Select ODBC connection type in Informatica (Using ZappySys API ODBC DSN)

  4. Now on the ODBC connection setup enter connection name, some fake userid / password (this is a required field but its ignored by JSON Driver)
  5. In the Connection String field enter the exact same name of DSN (Open ODBC Data Sources UI to confirm)
    Configure JSON connection in Informatica for REST API – Using ZappySys API ODBC Driver

    Configure JSON connection in Informatica for REST API – Using ZappySys API Driver

  6. Click OK to close the connection properties.

That’s it. Now we ready to move to next step (define source and target in Mapping Designer).

Import JSON Source Definition in Informatica Mapping Designer

Now let’s look at steps to import JSON table definition.

  1. Open Informatica Mapping Designer (Click [D] icon)
  2. Click on Source Icon to switch to Sources designer
  3. From the top menu > Click on Sources > Import from Database
    Import JSON Source definition in Informatica Mapping Designer (JSON file or REST API)

    Import JSON Source definition in Informatica Mapping Designer (JSON file or REST API)

  4. Select ODBC data source from the dropdown (Find out DSN we created earlier to use as JSON Source)
  5. Click Connect button to get a list of tables. Any array node is listed as a table. Also, you will see array node with parent columns (e.g. value_with_parent). You may get some warning like below but they are harmless so just ignore by clicking OK.
    DLL name entry missing from C:\Informatica\PowerCenter8.6.1\client\bin\powrmart.ini Section = ODBCDLL Entry = ZappySys JSON Driver
    —————————————————-
    Using EXTODBC.DLL to support ZappySys JSON Driver. For native support of ZappySys JSON Driver make an entry in the .ini file.
    Select JSON Source Table in Informatica Mapping Designer (JSON file or REST API)

    Select JSON Source Table in Informatica Mapping Designer (JSON file or REST API)

  6. Select Table you wish to get (You can filter rows by custom SQL query. We will see later in this article how to do)
  7. Optionally once table structure is imported you can rename it
    Rename imported table definition in Informatica Source Designer

    Rename imported table definition in Informatica Source Designer

  8. That’s it, we are now ready to perform similar steps to import Target table structure in the next section.

Import SQL Server Target Definition in Informatica Mapping Designer

Now let’s look at steps to import Target table definition (very similar to the previous section, the only difference is this time we will select DSN which points to SQL Server or any other Target Server).

Now lets look at steps to import target table definition in Informatica mapping designer.

  1. In the Mapping Designer, Click on Target Icon to switch to Target designer
  2. From the top menu > Click on Targets > Import from Database
  3. Select DSN for your Target server (if DSN doesn’t exist then create one by opening ODBC Sources just like we created one for JSON API source (see the previous section about creating DSN).
    Import target Table Definition in informatica

    Import target Table Definition in informatica

  4. Enter your userid , password and Schema name and click Connect to see tables
  5. Select Table name to and click OK import definition.
    Import Target SQL Table Definition in Informatica - Select table from the list

    Import Target SQL Table Definition in Informatica – Select table from the list

Create Source to Target Mapping in Informatica (Import JSON to SQL Server)

Once you have imported source and target table definition, we can create mapping and transformation to load data from JSON to SQL Table.

  1. First open Mapping Designer (Click [D] icon)
  2. Drag JSON Source from sources folder
  3. Drag SQL Table from Targets folder
  4. Map desired columns from Source to target
    Define Source to Target mapping for JSON to SQL Table load in Informatica

    Define Source to Target mapping for JSON to SQL Table load in Informatica

  5. For certain columns you may have to do datatype conversion. For example to convert OrderDate form nstring to DataTime you have to use Expression Transform like below and map it to target. In below example, our JSON has date format (e.g. 2018-01-31 12:00:00 AM ). To import this to DateTime field in SQL server we need to convert it using TO_DATE function. Use double quotes around T to make this format working.
    TO_DATE(OrderDate,'YYYY-MM-DD H12:MI:SS AM')
    
    --For ISO use below way
    TO_DATE(OrderDate,'YYYY-MM-DD"T"HH24:MI:SS')
    Informatica JSON to SQL Table Mapping - Datatype conversion (nstring to datetime)

    Informatica JSON to SQL Table Mapping – Datatype conversion (nstring to datetime)

  6. Once you done with mapping save your mapping and name it (i.e. m_Api_To_SQL)
  7. Now lets move to next section to create workflow.

Create Workflow and Session in Informatica

Now the final step is to create a new workflow. Perform following steps to create workflow which with a session task to import JSON data into SQL table.

  1. Open workflow designer by click [W] icon.
  2. Launch new workflow creation wizard by click Workflow top menuWizard
    name your workflow (e.g. wf_Api_Tp_Sql_Table_Import)

    Creating Informatica Workflow - Wizard UI (Import JSON data to SQL Table)

    Creating Informatica Workflow – Wizard UI (Import JSON data to SQL Table)

  3. Finish the wizard and double-click the Session to edit some default properties.
  4. First change Error settings so we fail session on error (By default its always green)
    Fail Informatica Session on error (JSON to SQL Load)

    Fail Informatica Session on error (JSON data to SQL Load)

  5. Select JSON connection for Source
    Select JSON Source Connection in Informatica - JSON File / REST API Load to SQL Table

    Select JSON Source Connection in Informatica – Load JSON data to SQL Table

  6. Change default Source query if needed. You can pass parameters to this query to make it dynamic.
    Modify JSON Source SQL query - Pass parameters, change URL, set filter etc

    Modify JSON Source SQL query – Pass parameters, change URL, set filter etc

  7. Select Target connection of SQL Target Table
    Select SQL Target Connection in Informatica - JSON File / REST API Load to SQL Table

    Select SQL Target Connection in Informatica – Load JSON data to SQL Table

  8. Save workflow
  9. That’s it. We ready to run our first workflow to load JSON data to SQL.

Execute Workflow and Validate Log in Informatica

Now once you are done with your workflow, execute it to see the log.

Loading JSON data to SQL Table in Informatica (Import REST API or JSON Files)

Loading JSON data to SQL Table in Informatica (Import REST API or JSON Files)

 

POST data to REST API in Informatica

There will be a time when you like to send Source data to REST API or SOAP Web Service. You can use below Query for example. For detailed explanation on how to POST data in Informatica check this article.

Video Tutorial – How to POST data to REST API in Informatica

Here is detailed step by step video on REST API POST in informatica PowerCenter

 

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Create Custom Store Procedure in ZappySys Driver

You can create procedures to encapsulate custom logic and then only pass handful parameters rather than long SQL to execute your API call.

Steps to create Custom Store Procedure in ZappySys Driver. You can insert Placeholders anywhere inside Procedure Body. Read more about placeholders here

  1. Go to Custom Objects Tab and Click on Add button and Select Add Procedure:
    ZappySys Driver - Add Store Procedure

  2. Enter the desired Procedure name and click on OK:
    ZappySys Driver - Add Store Procedure Name

  3. Select the created Store Procedure and write the your desired store procedure and Save it and it will create the custom store procedure in the ZappySys Driver:
    Here is an example stored procedure for ZappySys Driver. You can insert Placeholders anywhere inside Procedure Body. Read more about placeholders here

    CREATE PROCEDURE [usp_get_orders]
    @fromdate = '<<yyyy-MM-dd,FUN_TODAY>>'
    AS
    SELECT * FROM Orders where OrderDate >= '<@fromdate>'

    ZappySys Driver - Create Custom Store Procedure

  4. That's it now go to Preview Tab and Execute your Store Procedure using Exec Command. In this example it will extract the orders from the date 1996-01-01:

    Exec usp_get_orders '1996-01-01'

    ZappySys Driver - Execute Custom Store Procedure

Create Custom Virtual Table in ZappySys Driver

ZappySys API Drivers support flexible Query language so you can override Default Properties you configured on Data Source such as URL, Body. This way you dont have to create multiple Data Sources if you like to read data from multiple EndPoints. However not every application support supplying custom SQL to driver so you can only select Table from list returned from driver.

Many applications like MS Access, Informatica Designer wont give you option to specify custom SQL when you import Objects. In such case Virtual Table is very useful. You can create many Virtual Tables on the same Data Source (e.g. If you have 50 URLs with slight variations you can create virtual tables with just URL as Parameter setting.

  1. Go to Custom Objects Tab and Click on Add button and Select Add Table:
    ZappySys Driver - Add Table

  2. Enter the desired Table name and click on OK:
    ZappySys Driver - Add Table Name

  3. And it will open the New Query Window Click on Cancel to close that window and go to Custom Objects Tab.

  4. Select the created table, Select Text Type AS SQL and write the your desired SQL Query and Save it and it will create the custom table in the ZappySys Driver:
    Here is an example SQL query for ZappySys Driver. You can insert Placeholders also. Read more about placeholders here

    SELECT
    "ShipCountry",
    "OrderID",
    "CustomerID",
    "EmployeeID",
    "OrderDate",
    "RequiredDate",
    "ShippedDate",
    "ShipVia",
    "Freight",
    "ShipName",
    "ShipAddress",
    "ShipCity",
    "ShipRegion",
    "ShipPostalCode"
    FROM "Orders"
    Where "ShipCountry"='USA'

    ZappySys Driver - Create Custom Table

  5. That's it now go to Preview Tab and Execute your custom virtual table query. In this example it will extract the orders for the USA Shipping Country only:

    SELECT * FROM "vt__usa_orders_only"

    ZappySys Driver - Execute Custom Virtual Table Query

Conclusion

In this article we discussed how to connect to JSON in Informatica and integrate data without any coding. Click here to Download JSON Connector for Informatica and try yourself see how easy it is. If you still have any question(s) then ask here or simply click on live chat icon below and ask our expert (see bottom-right corner of this page).

Documentation 

Other App Integration scenarios for JSON

Other API Connectors for Informatica


Documentation 

  • How to connect JSON in Informatica?

  • How to get JSON data in Informatica?

  • How to read JSON data in Informatica?

  • How to load JSON data in Informatica?

  • How to import JSON data in Informatica?

  • How to pull JSON data in Informatica?

  • How to push data to JSON in Informatica?

  • How to write data to JSON in Informatica?

  • How to POST data to JSON in Informatica?

  • Call JSON API in Informatica

  • Consume JSON API in Informatica

  • JSON Informatica Automate

  • JSON Informatica Integration

  • Integration JSON in Informatica

  • Consume real-time JSON data in Informatica

  • Consume realtime JSON API data in Informatica

  • JSON ODBC Driver | ODBC Driver for JSON | ODBC JSON Driver | SSIS JSON Source | SSIS JSON Destination

  • Connect JSON in Informatica

  • Load JSON in Informatica

  • Load JSON data in Informatica

  • Read JSON data in Informatica

  • JSON API Call in Informatica