Google Sheets Connector
Google Sheets Connector Help
Version 4
ZappySys Logo File Version: v4
Supported Engine: 9

How to read Google Sheets data in ODBC application?


In this section we will learn how to configure and use Google Sheets Connector in the API Driver to extract data from the Google Sheets.

Create ODBC Data Source (DSN) based on ZappySys API Driver

To get data from GoogleSheets using we first need to create a DSN (Data Source) which will access data from GoogleSheets. We will later be able to read data using . Perform these steps:

  1. Install ZappySys ODBC PowerPack.

  2. Open ODBC Data Sources (x64):
    Open ODBC Data Source

  3. Create a User Data Source (User DSN) based on ZappySys API Driver

    ZappySys API Driver
    Create new System DSN for ZappySys API Driver
    You should create a System DSN (instead of a User DSN) if the client application is launched under a Windows System Account, e.g. as a Windows Service. If the client application is 32-bit (x86) running with a System DSN, use ODBC Data Sources (32-bit) instead of the 64-bit version.
  4. When the Configuration window appears give your data source a name if you haven't done that already, then select "Google Sheets" from the list of Popular Connectors. If "Google Sheets" is not present in the list, then click "Search Online" and download it. Then set the path to the location where you downloaded it. Finally, click Continue >> to proceed with configuring the DSN:

    GoogleSheetsDSN
    Google Sheets
    ODBC DSN Template Selection

  5. Now it's time to configure the Connection Manager. Select Authentication Type, e.g. Token Authentication. Then select API Base URL (in most cases, the default one is the right one). More info is available in the Authentication section.

    Steps to get Google Sheets Credentials
    This connection can be configured in two ways. Use Default App (Created by ZappySys) OR Use Custom App created by you.
    To use minimum settings you can start with the ZappySys created App. Just change UseCustomApp=false on the properties grid so you dont need ClientID / Secret. When you click Generate Token you might see a warning about App is not trusted (Simply Click Advanced Link to expand hidden section and then click Go to App link to Proceed).

    To register a custom app, perform the following steps (Detailed steps found in the help link at the end):

    1. Go to Google API Console.
    2. From the Project Dropdown (usually found at the top bar) click Select Project.
    3. On the Project Popup click CREATE PROJECT.
    4. Once the project is created you can click Select Project to switch the context (You can click on Notification link or Choose from Top Dropdown).
    5. Click ENABLE APIS AND SERVICES.
    6. Now we need to Enable two APIs one by one (Sheets API and Drive API).
    7. Search Sheets. Select and click ENABLE.
    8. Search Drive. Select and click ENABLE.
    9. Go back to the main screen of the Google API Console
    10. Click the OAuth Consent Screen tab. Enter necessary details and Save.
    11. Click the Credentials tab.
    12. Click CREATE CREDENTIALS (some where in topbar) and select OAuth Client ID option.
    13. When prompted Select Application Type as Desktop App and click Create to receive your ClientID and Secret. You can use this information now to configure Connection with UseCustomApp=true.

    Fill in all required parameters and set optional parameters if needed:

    GoogleSheetsDSN
    Google Sheets
    User Account [OAuth]
    https://sheets.googleapis.com/v4/spreadsheets
    Required Parameters
    UseCustomApp Fill in the parameter...
    Optional Parameters
    ClientId Fill in the parameter...
    ClientSecret Fill in the parameter...
    Scope Fill in the parameter...
    Default SpreadSheetId Fill in the parameter...
    Default Tab Name (i.e. Sheet1) Fill in the parameter...
    RetryMode Fill in the parameter...
    RetryStatusCodeList Fill in the parameter...
    RetryCountMax Fill in the parameter...
    ODBC DSN Oauth Connection Configuration
    Steps to get Google Sheets Credentials
    Use these steps to authenticate as service account rather than Google / GSuite User. Learn more about service account here

    Basically to call Google API as Service account we need to perform following steps listed in 3 sections (Detailed steps found in the help link at the end)

    Create Project

    First thing is create a Project so we can call Google API. Skip this section if you already have Project (Go to next section)
    1. Go to Google API Console
    2. From the Project Dropdown (usually found at the top bar) click Select Project
    3. On Project Propup click CREATE PROJECT
    4. Once project is created you can click Select Project to switch the context (You can click on Notification link or Choose from Top Dropdown)
    5. Click ENABLE APIS AND SERVICES
    6. Now we need to Enable two APIs one by one (Sheets API and Drive API).
    7. Search Sheets. Select and click ENABLE
    8. Search Drive. Select and click ENABLE

    Create Service Account

    Once Project is created and APIs are enabled we can now create a service account under that project. Service account has its ID which looks like some email ID (not to confuse with Google /Gmail email ID)
    1. Go to Create Service Account
    2. From the Project Dropdown (usually found at the top bar) click Select Project
    3. Enter Service account name and Service account description
    4. For Role, do not select anything for now and Click Continue and then click Done. Next we will create Key.

    Create Key

    Once service account is created we need to create key file (i.e. credentials).
    1. In the Cloud Console, click the email address for the service account that you created.
    2. Click Keys.
    3. Click Add key, then click Create new key.
    4. Click Create and select P12 format. A P12 key file is downloaded to your computer. We will use this file in our API connection.
    5. Click Close.
    6. Now you may use downloaded *.p12 key file as secret file and Service Account Email as Client ID (e.g. some-service-account-name@your-project-id.iam.gserviceaccount.com ).

    Add Permission

    Now last thing is give read/write permission to Service Account. Basically you can create or open Google Sheet and add the Service Account as an editor to it as below.
    1. Copy the email address of your service account we created in previous step (its usually like this some-service-account-name@your-project-id.iam.gserviceaccount.com).
    2. Create or select an existing Google Sheet.
    3. Navigate to Sheet for which you like to give read/write access to Service Account.
    4. Click on the Share button in the top right, and add the email address of the service account as an editor. Here is how to share file(s) with specific people. Juse share with Service Account (use Service Account Email found on previous section)

    Fill in all required parameters and set optional parameters if needed:

    GoogleSheetsDSN
    Google Sheets
    Service Account (Using Private Key File) [OAuth]
    https://sheets.googleapis.com/v4/spreadsheets
    Required Parameters
    Service Account Email Fill in the parameter...
    Service Account Private Key Path (i.e. *.p12) Fill in the parameter...
    Optional Parameters
    Scope Fill in the parameter...
    Default SpreadSheetId Fill in the parameter...
    Default Tab Name (i.e. Sheet1) Fill in the parameter...
    RetryMode Fill in the parameter...
    RetryStatusCodeList Fill in the parameter...
    RetryCountMax Fill in the parameter...
    ODBC DSN Oauth Connection Configuration

  6. Once the data source has been configured, you can preview data. Select the Preview tab and use settings similar to the following to preview data:
    ODBC ZappySys Data Source Preview

  7. Click OK to finish creating the data source.

Reading data from client application

  1. Firstly, to get data from ODBC data source based on ZappySys ODBC driver, in your client application, you would need to connect to ODBC source and then from the list select the data source.
  2. Finally, to read the data just read tables/views in your app or enter a SQL statement to extract data, e.g.:

    SELECT * FROM Sheets

Google Sheets Connector Examples

The ZappySys API Driver is a user-friendly interface designed to facilitate the seamless integration of various applications with the Google Sheets API. With its intuitive design and robust functionality, the ZappySys API Driver simplifies the process of configuring specific API endpoints to efficiently read or write data from Google Sheets.

Click here to find more Google Sheets Connector examples designed for seamless integration with the ZappySys API ODBC Driver under ODBC Data Source (36/64) or ZappySys Data Gateway, enhancing your ability to connect and interact with Prebuilt Connectors effectively.

Consume Data inside your App / Programming Language

Once you know how to load data from Google Sheets Connector, you can click on one of the below links to learn the steps how to consume data inside your App / Programming Language from Google Sheets Connector.

ODBC inside ETL / Reporting / BI Tools

ODBC inside Programming Languages

Key features of the ZappySys API Driver include:

The API ODBC driver facilitates the reading and writing of data from numerous popular online services (refer to the complete list here) using familiar SQL language without learning complexity of REST API calls. The driver allows querying nested structure and output as a flat table. You can also create your own ODBC / Data Gateway API connector file and use it with this driver.

  1. Intuitive Configuration: The interface is designed to be user-friendly, enabling users to easily set up the specific API endpoints within Google Sheets without requiring extensive technical expertise or programming knowledge.

  2. Customizable Endpoint Setup: Users can conveniently configure the API endpoint settings, including the HTTP request method, endpoint URL, and any necessary parameters, to precisely target the desired data within Google Sheets.

  3. Data Manipulation Capabilities: The ZappySys API Driver allows for seamless data retrieval and writing, enabling users to fetch data from Google Sheets and perform various data manipulation operations as needed, all through an intuitive and straightforward interface.

  4. Secure Authentication Integration: The driver provides secure authentication integration, allowing users to securely connect to the Google Sheets API by inputting the necessary authentication credentials, such as API tokens or other authentication keys.

  5. Error Handling Support: The interface is equipped with comprehensive error handling support, ensuring that any errors or exceptions encountered during the data retrieval or writing process are efficiently managed and appropriately communicated to users for prompt resolution.

  6. Data Visualization and Reporting: The ZappySys API Driver facilitates the seamless processing and presentation of the retrieved data from Google Sheets, enabling users to generate comprehensive reports and visualizations for further analysis and decision-making purposes.

Overall, the ZappySys API Driver serves as a powerful tool for streamlining the integration of applications with Google Sheets, providing users with a convenient and efficient way to access and manage data, all through a user-friendly and intuitive interface.